Fat makes you FAT. We must do away with this prejudice. As Mayr physicians, we must develop a different approach that corresponds to the physiological facts. Fats are necessary for many life-sustaining metabolic processes. They actually regulate so many life processes that one can confidentially say that life is impossible without fat. Certainly it also depends on the kind of fats. Included among these life-sustaining fats are above all the fatty acids, which can be divided into mono-unsaturated fats and poly-unsaturated fats. (see figure 1). Poly-unsaturated fats are minimized in the diet and replaced with saturated fatty acids through altered nutritional practices.
The designation of each of the fatty acids follows from different factors. They are named by the number of carbon atoms (18, 20, ...), as well as the number and condition of the double bound within the fatty acid. Thereby, we count the fatless (omega) end of the fatty acid based on the C-Atom and reach the description omega 3, for example, or omega 6 or omega 9, that is to say, the first double bond sits on C 3, 6 or 9 Atoms. For the double bond itself, it is still important to note if the hydrogen atom is in a cis- or a trans-configuration.
We can designate as essential fatty acids any that cannot be synthesized in the body, and thus must be supplied through nutrition. Foremost among these are the highly unsaturated fatty acids, from the omega 3 group as well as the omega 6 group. Admittedly, not all highly unsaturated fatty acids are essential. For example, the Arachidon acids (AA) or the Eicosapentaen acids (EPA) can be synthesized out of the corresponding components.
Functions of essential fatty acids in the body
As already mentioned, essential fatty acids have to fulfill different life-sustaining tasks in our bodies. Firstly, fatty acids are important parts of membranes, like the cell membrane, but also the cell organelles like mitochondria, golgi appartus and others, like the nucleus membrane. Within the membrane, essential fatty acids once again undertake important tasks. First among them is what concerns the fluidity of the membrane, for example the mobility of the cells themselves. Another important aspect is that because of their dual character as acids as well as bases, they can neutralize, and thus balance the body’s acid-base mixture. Also the glandular excretions and the digestive glands are majorly effected and the function of the glands is improved. They are an important factor for the growth of cells or rather of the whole organism and also of cell division itself. Especially the development of organs with high oxygen use, like the brain for example, is critically connected to essential fatty acids. So it can be demonstrated, that, for example in animal experiments the absence of linolenic acid in the fetal period led to life-long learning difficulties in the test animals. For us, especially important functions are the effect on the cholesterol level, the decrease of blood fats, especially Serumtriglyceride (up to 65%!), the improvement of immune reactions, the stimulation of the metabolism und purging of all liposoluble toxins. The last mentioned functions of unsaturated fatty acids are of particular importance for Mayr-therapy. Also important is that essential fatty acids constitute the main ingredients of the Prostaglandins and consequently an impact on the entire range of actions of Prostaglandins occurs through essential fatty acids. This has a particular significance for pain patients and patients with diseases of chronic inflammation.
For the metabolism, it must be considered that the omega 3 fatty acids cannot be converted into omega 6 fatty acids and vice versa. Each action of these fatty acid groups must be examined separately, even though a different metabolism causes an opposite impact. Thus it is also understandable that in the body there is a different composition of these fatty acids in each of the body’s tissues. Depending on the tissue, we find a proportion of omega 6 to omega 3 of 1:1 as for example in the brain, or a reading of 5:1, as in the area of fat tissue. Because of the dietary changes of the last decades, there has been a change in the composition of body fat. For much of human history, the proportion of omega 6 : omega 3 fatty acids in the diet was around 4:1. Today, through the enormous growth of omega 6 fatty acids and the reduction of omega 3 fatty acids, we have a proportion of 20:1. That this must have health consequences becomes clear when one considers the above noted effects of fats in the organism.
Unsaturated fatty acids are found in animal as well as plant foods. Linoleic acid, the major representative of omega 6 fatty acids, is known to be the basic form of storage for plant fats. We find higher concentrations in plant seeds, but also in animal fats, such as butter. Various lower plants like ferns, moss and algae can synthesize linolenic acid out of linoleic acid, which is not possible in the human body. Thus we find in these plants, as well as in animals that nourish themselves from these plants, high concentrations of linolenic acid, the major representative of omega 3 fatty acids. It is worth noting that the concentration of linolenic acid is mostly less than linoleic acid. In addition to flax seed, hemp and soy, we also find high concentrations of linolenic acid in wild lamb and cold water fish. It is also interesting that mothers' milk, among all foods, has the highest proportion of omega 3 fatty acids. Here again it is long-chain, highly unsaturated fatty acids that are important for the development of the brain. In addition, you will find in table 1 a composition of different oils itemized, by the concentration of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids.
The daily consumption of essential fatty acids is dependent on various factors. Here the constitution, physical activity, nutritional status, as well as stress play an important role. Men also have a generally greater need than women. Interestingly, those who are overweight have a higher need than people of normal weight. For a healthy adult a daily recommended daily requirement of ca. 3-9 g of omega 6 – linoleic acid, which works out to around 1-2% of the daily calorie requirement. The need for omega 3 fatty acids, above all alpha-linoleic acid, is around 0.5 - 2 g/day. It is important to note that for the recovery of unsaturated fatty acids, adequate co-factors for disposal are present. These co-factors are above all Vit. E, Vit B3, Vit. B6, Vit. C, Magnesium und Zinc. The essential fatty acids that are important for health can only perform their tasks if the co-factors are present in sufficient quantities, meaning that they have been fed to the organism.
Cases of omega 6 fatty acid deficiency are relatively rare in the modern dietary situation. Eczematic skin changes, dehydration of the glands, elevated risk in the heart and circulatory system, stunted growth, susceptibility to infections and disruptions to the regulation of hormones can be symptoms of deficiency, or rather of an elevated need, of omega 6 fatty acids. Omega 3 fatty acid deficiency is hard to diagnose, because the transformation of omega 3 fatty acids to each of the highly unsaturated fatty acids takes a long time. However, already suboptimal concentrations are recognized as an immediate health risk, in other words - the therapeutic dose of omega 3 fatty acids in certain diseases (for example conditions of chronic inflammation or elevated risk factors in the cardiovascular system) leads directly to an improvement of the symptoms.
For the digestion of unsaturated fatty acids it is to be noted that all naturally occurring poly- unsaturated fatty acids appear in the cis-form. This means that the bodies of this cis-form can actually work lighter and more effectively; excluding the cis-form, the biological action of unsaturated fatty acids develops. All hardened (hydrogenated), industrially treated fats are "transfats“. These tiny changes to the steric configuration cause the transfats to be able to change exceptionally to caloric purposes, to have an effectively longer half-life and to encourage a higher cardio risk. In the digestion of food, it is important to take care that no transfats are in it. In this connection, the question could immediately be asked how we can get around these unsaturated fats in practice. Where and of which kind and means they can be built into Dr. F.X.Mayr's therapy, and how can a meaningful support through unsaturated fats be followed? Here it should be noticed that unsaturated fats are shown.
The effects of the poison can be counteracted out of a watery milieu better than out of a fatty milieu; this watery milieu is attained through fasting. It comes down to a reduction of toxin-bound water through the cleansing of the bowel and, further, to the cleansing of the basic substance. Above all during fasting, free radicals are increased and with them also a lipid peroxidation is introduced. Besides an eventual acidosis, this lipid peroxidation poses a danger for the afflicted organism that is not to be underestimated. The energy available to the mitochondria is bound to an intact membrane system and also the hormone regulation of afflictions takes place over the adrenal gland, where the original substance of the hormones is unsaturated fats. Also in the case of a strong inflammation reaction, in the case of conditions such as rheumatic diseases, or other chronic conditions such as chronic eczema, the organs and especially the tissues are burdened with an elevated level of unsaturated fats. Also patients with elevated cardio risk, elevated cholesterol and reduced effectiveness of the erythrocytes can be strengthened throughout with the fasting acidosis; we should let ourselves think about the necessity of a fat exchange. Above all however, an increasing number of patients with chronic conditions because of ecological poisons or alcohol, which completely indicate a membrane compromise, can be improved with the administration of unsaturated fats. In addition, aspects of a caloric supply play a role in patients laid low by atrophy because the energy contents of the fat is doubled as compared to that from egg white or carbohydrates.
Therapy recommends supplying polyunsaturated fats in the form of cold-pressed plant oils. At nearly all levels of the diet, it is possible to give small amounts of linseed oil, hemp oil, grape seed oil, nut oil or other valuable oils. This can, for example, be included in the base soup. Spreads can be enriched with oil. In mild reducing diets, it is possible to give oil together with potatoes or vegetables or—and this is very tasty—a spread of pot cheese, linseed oil and almond butter. This recommendation of Dr. Budwig's can, in the case of cow milk intolerance, be made with sheep's pot cheese in place of cow's milk pot cheese. Only when it is not possible to offer oil in the said treatment form at meal time is the prescription of capsule form recommended. In extreme cases of illness, the further administration of oils as an addition to the bath or as oil patches or rubs is possible. It is important to note, and the advice is also to be passed on to the patient without reservation, that light, air and heat can destroy these highly unsaturated fats. The oils must be kept well sealed in small amounts in the refrigerator and also used as quickly as possible once the seal is broken. Also, later, the patients should customarily take for themselves the cold-pressed plant oils every day in enriched form in order that the healthy exchange of the conveyance of these highly unsaturated fats can be maintained